Acetyl hexapeptide-8, Argireline
Argireline is made up of peptides, which are chains of amino acids that can affect how cells in the body work.
When Argireline is applied to the skin,
it is absorbed into the body and the cream's chemical composition causes the facial muscles to contract with less force.
Argireline prevents the formation of expression wrinkles by somehow inhibiting muscle movement.
What Is PDRN?
Polydeoxyribonucleotide is derived from sperm trout through an extraction process.
The compounds are able to stimulate Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors and certain receptors in the body that trigger the creation of new artery formation, improves blood flow, and reduces inflammation.
Most importantly, PDRN provides the nucleotides necessary for cell regeneration.
In addition to its use for diabetic foot ulcers, PDRN has proven effective in treating PAOD, chronic wounds, hind limb ischemia, osteoarthritis disease, coronary artery disease, and burn injuries
Cross linked hyaluronic acd
Cross linked HA is not normal HA of cosmetics
This is mani components of dermal fillers
Cross HA is linked by BDDE ( cross linker) to stay in human skin
more than 6 months up to 18 months
Restore depressed soft tissue so that to elevate sunken wrinkle
and store water in dermis
What is PHA( Exfoliant , Antioxidants)
Polyhydroxy acids are ingredients such as gluconolactone and lactobionic acid.
They’re supposed to be as effective as AHAs, but less sensitizing.
Gluconolactone and lactobionic acid are chemically and functionally similar to AHAs (such as glycolic acid).
The significant difference between them and AHAs is that gluconolactone and lactobionic acid have larger molecular structures,
which limits their ability to penetrate the skin,
resulting in less potential for sensitizing side-effects.
Supposedly, this reduced absorption into the skin does not hamper their effectiveness.
Does that mean gluconolactone and lactobionic acid are better for your skin than AHAs in the form of glycolic acid or lactic acid?
According to an Internet-published class lecture by Dr. Mark G. Rubin, a board-certified dermatologist and assistant clinical professor of dermatology at the University of California, San Diego, research on gluconolactone demonstrated only a “6% decrease in dermal penetration” in comparison to glycolic acid, which “isn’t a dramatic improvement.”
Gluconolactone may be slightly less sensitizing for some skin types,
but this isn’t the magic bullet for exfoliation some cosmetics companies have been extolling.
Polyhydroxy acids can also function as antioxidants and may promote some amount of improvement in skin’s surface strength